What is Cyber Crime | Types of Cyber Crime?

cyber crimeCyber Crime:  “Any crime that involves a computer and a network is called a “Computer Crime” or “Cyber Crime”. 

In other words, it is defined as a crime in which a computer is the object of the crime (hacking, phishing, spamming) or is used to commit an offense:

  • Cyber Crime encompasses any criminal act dealing with computers and network called hacking.
  • Cyber Crime encompasses a wide range of activities, but there can two categories:
  1. The crime that targets computer networks or devices: These types of crime include viewers and Denial of Service (DOS) Attacks.
  2. The Crime that use computer networks to advance other criminal activities: These types of crimes include cyber phishing and fraud or identify-theft.

Cyber crimes are crimes that involve a computer and a network. In some cases, the computer may have used to commit such crime and in other cases, the computer may have been the target of the crime or  Cyber Crime could be any unlawful act where the computer was used as a tool or target or both.

Other activities:

  • Unauthorized Access of the Computers,
  • Virus/Worms Attack,
  • Trojan Attacks,
  • Email Tracking & Tracing,
  • Physically damaging Computer Systems etc.

Types of Cyber Crime?

When any crime is committed over the internet it is referred to as a Cyber Crimes. There are many types of Cyber Crimes and the most common ones are below:

1. Hacking: hackingThis is a type of crime wherein a person’s computer is broken into so that his personal or sensitive information can be accessed.

This is different from ethical hacking, which many organizations use to check their internet security protection. In hacking the criminal uses a variety of software to enter a person’s computer and the person may not be aware that his computer is being accessed from a remote location.

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2. Theft: online theftThis crime occurs when a person violates copyright and downloads ads music movie, games, and software. There are even peer sharing websites which encourage software piracy and many of these websites are now being targeted by the FBI ( Federal Bureau of Investigation). The system is addressing this Cyber Crime and there are laws that prevent people from illegal downloading.

3. Cyber Stalking: Cyber Stalkingcyber stalking is stalking that takes place using electronic devices or the internet. It is the technological harassment directed towards a specific individual. There are several forms of Cyber Stalking that can take place including:

  • Placing orders for delivery in someone else’s name,
  • Gathering personal information on the victim,
  • Spreading false rumors,
  • Encouraging others to join in the harassment,
  • Threatening harm through email,
  • Creating fear and paranoia for someone else,
  • Hacking into online accounts,

4. Identity Theft: identity theftThis is has become a major problem for people using the internet for cash transaction and banking services.

In this Cyber Crime, a criminal accesses data about a person’s bank account, social security, credit/debit card and other sensitive information to siphon money or to buy things online in the victim’s name. It can result in major financial losses for the victim and even spoil the victim’s credit history.

5. Malicious Software: malicious softwareMalware, or malicious software, is any program or file that is harmful to a computer user. Malware includes computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and spyware. These malicious programs can perform a variety of functions, including stealing, encrypting or deleting sensitive data, altering or hijacking core computing functions and monitoring users’ computer activity without their permission.

There are internet based software or programs that are used to disturb a network. The software is used to gain access to a system to steal sensitive information, data causing damage to software present in the system.

6. Masquerading: masqueradingA masquerade attack is an attack that uses a fake identity, such as a network identity, to gain unauthorized access to personal computer information through legitimate access identification. If an authorization process is not fully protected, it can become extremely vulnerable to a masquerade attack.

7. Denial of Service Attack: denial of service attackThis type of attack intent is to make resources or service unavailable to its intended users such DOS attack is carried out on websites to stop them from functioning.

A denial-of-service attack is a security event that occurs when an attacker takes action that prevents legitimate users from accessing targeted computer systems, devices or other network resources.

8. Computer Intrusion: computer intrustionComputer Intrusion is any malicious activity that harms a computer or causes a computer or a computer network to work in an unexpected manner. These attacks involve spreading the virus, denial of services or exploitation of the operating system or a software feature.


  • Always use Antivirus software in updated manner,
  • Never send your Credit/Debit card information to any website which is not secure,
  • Change your passwords frequently (after 10-15 days),
  • Uninstall unnecessary software.

Recommended: Safe Internet Surfing | How to Use Websites Safely

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